Triangle shirtwaist fire

Extended families work together to finish a few steps in the garment making process. While older children and adults in this Italian family work on various steps in the garment making process, they also care for younger children, prepare meals and take care of daily chores in their Chicago home. Children as young as three or four years old worked into the night trimming threads and pulling basting stitches. A woman sews on a treadle sewing machine at home, while children assist with hand work.

Triangle shirtwaist fire

I first read about this disaster in a book entitled, Portal to America: I paged through this book endlessly, honing my drawing skills by copying the photos of poor immigrants by Lewis Hine and others. Although there are just two pages on the Triangle Fire and one photo in this book, there are quite a few photos of garment workers and sweatshops that enthralled me as a child.

The hardships suffered by these immigrants and their remarkable resolve in a strange, foreign land was incredibly poignant Triangle shirtwaist fire me, even as a child. I forgot about the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire for many years and I am not sure what renewed my interest, but I delved into the subject like never before about 6 months ago.

This is a tragedy of almost unspeakable sadness — one that still grips the imagination and attention of thousands of people every March 25, and forever in the hearts of relatives of victims and survivors.

In preparation for my September NYC trip, I did as much research as possible — with the goal of writing some type of article and creating a collage as homage to the souls who lost their lives more than years ago.

Tragically, these workplace disasters are still occurring today, especially in underdeveloped countries.


I only hope to infuse it with something artistic, meaningful, and that does justice to the memories of the victims and brave souls who survived. The bin held hundreds of pounds of shirtwaist scraps, made out of an extremely flammable material known as lawn.

It is rather telling that so many Jewish workers were forced to forgo tradition and work on the Sabbath — they had no choice — if they did not, they would lose their jobs.

While this particular factory was far better than most, the owners still followed questionable practices, such as hiding child laborers when inspectors were scheduled to pay a visit and not abiding by fire safety regulations. At least 50 victims jumped to their death, a few met their death by jumping down the elevator shafts, and others were burned alive in the building.

Contrary to early, lurid reports of the fire, none of the predominately female workers died at their sewing machines or trapped in the aisles between the machine tables. A sad fact is that most of the victims were very young and had not yet experienced a full life.

There were 30 victims younger than age 18 with two year-olds. There were 23 who were age 18 and just 14 victims who were older than age Only two victims were 40 and older. Mary Herman, age 40 and divorced, was from Austria and had only lived in the U.

Bostwick tried to prove died as a result of that locked door. Bostwick relied heavily on the testimony of survivor Kate Alterman.

Triangle shirtwaist fire

The famous defense lawyer Max D. Steuer won the case for his clients by belittling the star witness, making her repeat her story multiple times to the point that it sounded rehearsed and contrived.

Cornell University - ILR School - The Triangle Factory Fire - Photos and Illustrations

Kate, like so many of the workers who testified, spoke English as a second language and was not allowed to testify in her native tongue — in her case, Yiddish. The jurors believed that the door was locked, but could not find conclusive evidence that the owners were aware of this fact or responsible.

Insurance companies were notoriously crooked in those days. The fire was the deadliest workplace disaster in NYC — until of course, the destruction of the World Trade Center on September 11, The tragedy had a profound influence on building codes, labor laws, politics, and planted the seeds for the New Deal two decades later.

The Life of a Shirtwaist Maker

Several extraordinary women were instrumental in bringing about these changes — among them — Clara LemlichFrances Perkinsand Rose Schneiderman.

Just before I left for NYC, my dad revealed something to me that gave this event more personal meaning. I never met my paternal grandfather, Abraham, but certainly knew that he was an immigrant who arrived for the first time in America on Ellis Islandjust like so many of those that lost their lives in the Triangle Fire.

Triangle shirtwaist fire

He came by himself inleaving behind my grandmother to fend for herself with one newborn, my Aunt Ella, in a small village near Lomza, Poland. And here is where the story takes on new meaning — once he settled in NYC, Abraham went to work in the garment industry as an embroiderer. At the time of the fire, he would have been relatively mature compared to most of the victims — age He went back to Poland sometime in late — my Uncle Jack was born in and when Abraham left again for America later that year, little did he know that my grandmother was pregnant with my Aunt Dottie who was born in El incendio de la fábrica de confección de camisas Triangle Waist Co.

[2] de Nueva York el 25 de marzo de fue el desastre industrial con más víctimas mortales en la historia de la ciudad de Nueva York y el cuarto en el número de muertes de un siniestro industrial en la historia de los Estados fuego causó la muerte de trabajadoras y . the triangle shirtwaist factory fire As OSHA celebrates 40 years of protecting workers, we also remember the labor pioneers, safety advocates, community leaders and ordinary workers whose vision for a stronger America laid the foundations for the laws that keep workers safe and healthy today.

On March 25, , a fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City. The workers (who were mostly young women) located on the eighth, ninth, and tenth floors of the Asch building did everything they could to escape, but the poor conditions, locked doors, and faulty.

a fire broke out at the Triangle Waist Factory in New York City. Within 18 minutes, people were dead as a result of the fire. This site includes original sources on the fire held at the ILR School's Kheel Center, an archive of historical material on labor and industrial relations.

Dec 02,  · Watch video · On March 25, , the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burned, killing workers. It is remembered as one of the most infamous incidents in American industrial history, as. Triangle Shirtwaist Fire On Saturday, March 25, , a fire broke out on the top floors of the Triangle Shirtwaist factory.

Firefighters arrived at the scene, but their ladders weren’t tall enough to reach the upper floors of the story building.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire - Wikipedia