Hundreds of African Americans were joining the Nation of Islam every month. All four African-American men were arrested.
Summary Analysis After many drafts and attempts to express himself, Malcolm manages to write a short letter to Elijah Muhammad. He receives a very gracious typed response in which Elijah tells him to have courage—and also gives him five dollars.
Elijah also tells Malcolm that black prisoners symbolize the oppression white men enact on all black people in America. By supporting prisoners and calling them a symbol of the movement, he virtually ensures their support for the Nation.
Active Themes The hardest Malcolmx summary Malcolm ever has to do in his life is to repent and submit himself to Allah, or in other words, to pray. He has to continuously try Malcolmx summary force himself down to his knees, and continuously force himself to try and reckon with his past sins. Finally he manages to kneel, but then has no idea what to say.
But he also says relatively very little about it, perhaps because he wants to keep it private.
He writes two letters a day, one to Elijah and one to one of his siblings. He writes further letters to politicians, but receives no replies.
This scene resembles Pentecost in the Christian tradition, when the apostles were so caught up in their religious fervor that they immediately went out preaching to every community. Active Themes Malcolm grows increasingly frustrated that he cannot express himself more articulately and can only construct his thoughts in slang.
Finally, he resolves to remedy this by studying and copying out the entire dictionary.
He starts by copying the entire first page, and marvels that he remembers those words the next day. He continues like that every day until he completes the entire dictionary.
Throughout his life, Malcolm has always thought very logically. His decision to study the dictionary is then like a radical example of that principle. Armed with his new vocabulary, a whole new world of knowledge opens to him in the books he reads. From then on, Malcolm spends nearly all of his time reading or else writing his letters and dictionary entries, either in the library or in his bunk.
He prefers the solitude of his room, however, where he can truly focus. The only thing that holds him back is the 10 PM lights out, but then he reads by the light coming from the crack under his door.
Not only does he study all day, but he pushes himself to study and learn even when he can barely see. This follows a pattern of Malcolm becoming convinced of new ideas or a new lifestyle, and then immediately devoting all his energy and brainpower to that worldview.
Therefore, Malcolm resolves to focus particular attention on history books that explore the history of black people in Africa and in America.
These include Carter G. All his studies can therefore be seen not as a separate pursuit, but as an attempt to support his religious beliefs with facts and arguments.
This fusion of academics and religious belief will make Malcolm a very persuasive and effective preacher and debater. Active Themes Malcolm is particularly horrified by the history of slavery and the atrocities done to black people.
To the contemporary reader, it may be easy to assume that everyone in American history has always been aware of the horrors of slavery. Active Themes Other authors such as Herodotus, Will Durant, and Mahatma Gandhi teach Malcolm about the horrors of colonialism and empire that have been perpetrated for millennia by white Europeans against people around the world.
While always coming masked as Christian missionaries, these European conquerors plundered Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
Two examples Malcolm gives are: Later in life, Malcolm will take a more international perspective on the struggle of people of color against white colonizers.
Active Themes In assessing the damage done by white men throughout the world, Malcolm concludes that now in the early s the ex-colonial nations are joining in alliances together against Europe and America.
Biograpical epic of Malcolm X, the legendary African American leader. Born Malcolm Little, his father (a Garveyite Baptist minister) was killed by the Ku Klux Klan. Malcolm became a gangster, and while in jail discovered the Nation of Islam writings of Elijah Muhammad. So Malcolm starts to read and write so that he can be just like Bimbi. In Malcolm's brother Reginald tells him to stop eating pork and smoking cigarettes. Malcolm thinks that this is a way to get out of jail, so he does it, but later Reginald reveals that it is the first step in becoming a member of the Nation of Islam. The Autobiography of Malcolm X is the remarkable true story of an African-American man’s rise—from street hustler, dope peddler, and thief—to one of the most dynamic and influential African.
Malcolm connects his current studies to his time in prison. This is worth thinking about: Even in his present life, then, Malcolm makes sure to find moments to return to this space of intellectual freedom and exploration. Active Themes In at least one way, Malcolm appreciates the time he spent in prison.
Where else, he asks, would he have the opportunity to study with so few distractions and with such intensity? He would never have learned as much in a university, he asserts.
For Malcolm, his time in prison studying was not a punishment, but a liberating experience, which is a very hopeful message for all those who feel trapped. In fact, he holds most of Western philosophy in contempt as being too entangled with Western history and racism.The Autobiography of Malcolm X was hailed as a literary classic shortly after it appeared.
Its description of Malcolm X’s discovery of an African American identity continues to inspire its readers. Synopsis. A tribute to the controversial black activist and leader of the struggle for black liberation. He hit bottom during his imprisonment in the '50s, he became a Black Muslim and then a .
Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the family’s eight children.
His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on 19 May , the fourth of eight children.
The family lived in Omaha in Nebraska where his father, a Baptist minister, Earl Little, was a prominent member of the local branch of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and an ardent supporter of Marcus Garvey.
Malcolm is also drawn to genetics, and reads Gregor Mendel’s Findings in Genetics, which reinforce Malcolm’s belief in Elijah Muhammad’s teachings. From now . Biograpical epic of Malcolm X, the legendary African American leader. Born Malcolm Little, his father (a Garveyite Baptist minister) was killed by the Ku Klux Klan.
Malcolm became a gangster, and while in jail discovered the Nation of Islam writings of Elijah Muhammad.