Produced in association with Visible Knowledge Project Increasingly historians have moved away from a history that chronicles battles, treaties, and presidential elections to one that tries to provide an image of the way daily life unfolded for the mass of people: Film has an important role to play in these histories. While traditional historical documents tend to privilege great events and political leaders, historians now use other records to discern the lives of "ordinary" people:
Networks and outgroup communication competence Intracultural versus intercultural networks Acculturation and adjustment[ edit ] Communication acculturation This theory attempts to portray "cross-cultural adaptation as a collaborative effort in which a stranger and the receiving environment are engaged in a joint effort.
Strangers need to manage their uncertainty as well as their anxiety in order to be able to communicate effectively with hosts and then to try to develop accurate predictions and explanations for hosts' behaviors.
Assimilationdevianceand alienation states Assimilation and adaption are not permanent outcomes of the adaption process; rather, they are temporary outcomes of the communication process between hosts and immigrants.
Assimilation can be either forced or done voluntarily depending on situations and conditions. Regardless of the situation or the condition it is very rare to see a minority group replace and or even forget their previous cultural practices.
Hajda, a representative theorist and researcher of social alienation says: A common past reduces misunderstanding.
Definition, metaphor, feedforward, and Basic English are partial linguistic remedies for a lack of shared experience. Because of concerns for self-face and autonomy, people from individualistic, low-context cultures manage conflict by dominating or through problem solving"  Standpoint theory — An individual's experiences, knowledge, and communication behaviors are shaped in large part by the social groups to which they belong.
Individuals sometimes view things similarly, but other times have very different views in which they see the world. The ways in which they view the world are shaped by the experiences they have and through the social group they identify themselves to be a part of.
Strangers are a 'hyperaware' of cultural differences and tend to overestimate the effect of cultural identity on the behavior of people in an alien society, while blurring individual distinctions. Feminist genre theory — Evaluates communication by identifying feminist speakers and reframing their speaking qualities as models for women's liberation.
Genderlect theory — "Male-female conversation is cross-cultural communication. Masculine and feminine styles of discourse are best viewed as two distinct cultural dialects rather than as inferior or superior ways of speaking. Men's report talk focuses on status and independence. Women's support talk seeks human connection.
Marxism — aims to explain class struggle and the basis of social relations through economics. History of assimilation[ edit ] Forced assimilation was very common in the European colonial empires the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
Colonial policies regarding religion conversion, the removal of children, the division of community property, and the shifting of gender roles primarily impacted North and South America, Australia, Africa, and Asia.
Voluntary assimilation has also been a part of history dating back to the Spanish Inquisition of the late 14th and 15th centuries, when many Muslims and Jews voluntarily converted to Roman Catholicism as a response to religious prosecution while secretly continuing their original practices.
Another example is when the Europeans moved to the United States. Intercultural communication thus needs to bridge the dichotomy between appropriateness and effectiveness: Valued rules, norms, and expectations of the relationship are not violated significantly.
Valued goals or rewards relative to costs and alternatives are accomplished.
Competent communication is an interaction that is seen as effective in achieving certain rewarding objectives in a way that is also related to the context in which the situation occurs. As well as goal attainment is also a focus within intercultural competence and it involves the communicator to convey a sense of communication appropriateness and effectiveness in diverse cultural contexts.
The capacity to avoid ethnocentrism is the foundation of intercultural communication competence. Ethnocentrism is the inclination to view one's own group as natural and correct, and all others as aberrant.
People must be aware that to engage and fix intercultural communication there is no easy solution and there is not only one way to do so. Listed below are some of the components of intercultural competence. A judgment that a person is competent is made in both a relational and situational context.
This means that competence is not defined as a single attribute, meaning someone could be very strong in one section and only moderately good in another. Situationally speaking competence can be defined differently for different cultures.
For example, eye contact shows competence in western cultures whereas, Asian cultures find too much eye contact disrespectful. This means that one's behaviours are acceptable and proper for the expectations of any given culture. The behaviours that lead to the desired outcome being achieved. This has to do with emotional associations as they communicate interculturally.
Feelings which are one's reactions to thoughts and experiences have to do with motivation. Intentions are thoughts that guide one's choices, it is a goal or plan that directs one's behaviour. These two things play a part in motivation. Terms people use to explain themselves and their perception of the world.
Behaving in ways that shows one understands the point of view of others Task role behaviour: Tolerance for unknown and ambiguity:Cross Cultural Understanding Movie Analysis – A Beautiful Mind I GEDE YOGA PERMANA 5D UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA SINGARAJA Russell Crowe as John Forbes Nash, Jr.
Ed Harris as William Parcher Jennifer Connelly as Alicia Nash Paul Bettany as Charles Herman. The study of intercultural communication requires intercultural understanding, which is an ability to understand and value cultural differences.
Language is an example of an important cultural component that is linked to intercultural understanding. . Free Essay: Report for Cultural Understanding The main aim of this report is to describe, analyze and understand Indian culture and integration Indians with.
The main aim of this report is to describe, analyze and understand Indian culture and integration Indians with British culture in a connection to movie: “Bend it like Beckham”. May 17, · What are some good movies that clearly demonstrate cultural differences between countries?
Discussion in ' Teh Vestibule (archive) ' started by nico, May 17, Thread Status. In our example, the cultural value that the Hindu man believes is to respect your ancestors and your gods. Understanding the Impact of Gender Differences in Cultural Values: Definition.