DoubleX has closed its doors. Read a roundtable with its founders hereor see new stories in the Human Interest section. It wasand Sterrett was an engineering student at the University of Michigan. The young woman, CB, lived down the hall.
First, I am going to talk a little about Dorothy E. Johnson the nurse that wrote the Model.
Johnson was born August 21,in Savannah, Georgia Lobo, She received her A. Johnson was an instructor and an assistant professor in pediatric nursing at Vanderbilt University School of Nursing from to From until her retirement in and subsequent move to Key Largo, Florida, she was an assistant professor of pediatric nursing, an associate professor of nursing, and a professor of nursing at the University of California in Los Angeles Conner et.
In and she was eligible to go on a sabbatical and went to the Christian Medical College School of Nursing in Vellore, South India, were she was interested in starting a baccalaureate program which was received well Lobo, Dorothy Johnson has had an influence on nursing through her publications since the s.
Throughout her career, Johnson has stressed the importance of research-based knowledge about the effect of nursing care on clients. Johnson was an early proponent of nursing as a science as well as an art. She also believed nursing had a body of knowledge reflecting both the science and the art.
From the beginning, Johnson proposed that the knowledge of the science of nursing necessary for effective nursing care included a synthesis of key concepts drawn from basic and applied sciences.
InJohnson proposed that nursing care facilitated the client's maintenance of a state of equilibrium. Johnson proposed that clients were "stressed" by a stimulus of either an internal or external nature.
These stressful stimuli created such disturbances, or "tensions," in the patient that a state of disequilibrium occurred.
Johnson identified two areas that nursing care should be based in order to return the client to a state of equilibrium. First, by reducing stressful stimuli, and second, by supporting natural and adaptive processes. Johnson's behavioral system theory springs from Nightingales belief that nursing's goal is to help individuals prevent or recover from disease or injury.
The "science and art" of nursing should focus on the patient as an individual and not on the specific disease entity. Johnson used the work of behavioral scientists in psychology, sociology, and ethnology to develop her theory. The model is patterned after a systems model; a system is defined as consisting of interrelated parts functioning together to form a whole Conner et.
Johnson states that a nurses should use the behavioral system as their knowledge base; comparable to the biological system that physicians use as their base of knowledge Lobo, The reason Johnson chose the behavioral system model is the idea that "all the patterned, repetitive, purposeful ways of behaving that characterize each person's life make up an organized and integrated whole, or a system" other.
Johnson states that by categorizing behaviors, they can be predicted and ordered. Johnson categorized all human behavior into seven subsystems SSs: Each subsystem is composed of a set of behavioral responses or tendencies that share a common goal. These responses are developed through experience and learning and are determined by numerous physical, biological, psychological, and social factors.
Four assumptions are made about the structure and function of each SS. These four assumptions are the "structural elements" common to each of the seven SSs. The first assumption is "from the form the behavior takes and the consequences it achieves can be inferred what drive has been stimulated or what goal is being sought" Johnson, The ultimate goal for each subsystem is expected to be the same for all individuals.
The second assumption is that each individual has a "predisposition to act, with reference to the goal, in certain ways rather than in other ways" Johnson, This predisposition to act is labeled "set" by Johnson.Each of these titles is available under a Creative Commons license (consult the individual text for the license specifics).
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