It may have originally been derived from the Choctaw word Cha-la-kee, which means "people who live in the mountains", or Choctaw Chi-luk-ik-bi, meaning "people who live in the cave country". One is that the Cherokee, an Iroquoian -speaking people, are relative latecomers to Southern Appalachiawho may have migrated in late prehistoric times from northern areas around the Great Lakes, the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee nations and other Iroquoian-speaking peoples. Another theory is that the Cherokee had been in the Southeast for thousands of years.
It may have originally been derived from the Choctaw word Cha-la-kee, which means "people who live in the mountains", or Choctaw Chi-luk-ik-bi, meaning "people who live in the cave country".
One is that the Cherokee, an Iroquoian -speaking people, are relative latecomers to Southern Appalachiawho may have migrated in late prehistoric times from northern areas around the Great Lakes, the traditional territory of the Haudenosaunee nations and other Iroquoian-speaking peoples.
Another theory is that the Cherokee had been in the Southeast for thousands of years. Researchers in the 19th century recorded conversations with elders who recounted an oral tradition of the Cherokee people migrating south from the Great Lakes region in ancient times.
In the 19th century, European-American settlers mistakenly attributed several Mississippian culture sites in Georgia to the Cherokee, including Moundville and Etowah Mounds. However, other evidence shows that the Cherokee did not reach this part of Georgia until the late 18th century and could not have built the mounds.
People created new art forms such as shell gorgetsadopted new technologies, Cherokee tribe developed an elaborate cycle of religious ceremonies. During the Mississippian culture-period to CElocal women developed a new variety of maize corn called eastern flint corn. It closely resembled modern corn and produced larger crops.
The successful cultivation of corn surpluses allowed the rise of larger, more complex chiefdoms consisting of several villages and concentrated populations during this period. Corn became celebrated among numerous peoples in religious ceremonies, especially the Green Corn Ceremony.
Early cultures[ edit ] Much of what is known about preth-century Native American cultures has come from records of Spanish expeditions. The earliest ones of the midth-century encountered people of the Mississippian culturethe ancestors to later tribes in the Southeast such as the Muscogee Creek and Catawba.
Specifically ina Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto passed through what was later characterized as Cherokee country by English colonists based on their historical encounter. It is now considered to be a chiefdom ancestral to the Muscogee Creek peoplewho are from a different language and cultural group.
In addition, the dominance of English colonists in the Southeast led to a discounting of Spanish sources for some time in their construction of history of the area. The Payne papers describe the account by Cherokee elders of a traditional two-part societal structure.
A "white" organization of elders represented the seven clans. As Payne recounted, this group, which was hereditary and priestly, was responsible for religious activities, such as healing, purification, and prayer.
A second group of younger men, the "red" organization, was responsible for warfare. The Cherokee considered warfare a polluting activity. After warfare, the warriors required purification by the priestly class before participants could reintegrate into normal village life. This hierarchy had disappeared long before the 18th century.
Researchers have debated the reasons for the change. Some historians believe the decline in priestly power originated with a revolt by the Cherokee against the abuses of the priestly class known as the Ani-kutani. Initially only the didanvwisgi learned to write and read such materials, which were considered extremely powerful in a spiritual sense.
Unlike most other Native Americans in the American Southeast at the start of the historic era, the Cherokee spoke an Iroquoian languagean indication of their migration from another area. Since the Great Lakes region was the territory of most Iroquoian-language speakers, scholars have theorized that the Cherokee migrated south from that region.
This view is supported by the Cherokee oral history tradition. Other historians hold that, judging from linguistic and cultural data, the Tuscarora people migrated South from other Iroquoian-speaking people in the Great Lakes region in ancient times. After extended harsh warfare in the Southeast, in the s, the Tuscarora left the area and "returned" to the New York area, counting their tribal migration complete by Scholars posit a split between the groups in the distant past, perhaps — years ago.
Cherokee history 17th century: English contact[ edit ] Inthere was a disturbance in Virginia Colony as the Rechahecrians or Rickahockans, as well as the Siouan Manahoac and Nahyssanbroke through the frontier and settled near the Falls of the James, near present-day Richmond, Virginia.
The following year, a combined force of English and Pamunkey drove the newcomers away. The identity of the Rechahecrians has been much debated. Historians noted the name closely resembled that recorded for the Eriechronon or Erielhonan, commonly known as the Erie tribeanother Iroquoian-speaking people based near the Great Lakes.
The anthropologist Martin Smith theorized some remnants of the tribe migrated to Virginia after the wars A few historians suggest this tribe was Cherokee.A Proud Heritage Since the earliest contact with European explorers in the 16th century, the Cherokee people have been consistantly identified as one of the most .
History >> Native Americans for Kids The Cherokee Indians are a Native American tribe. They are largest tribe in the United States. The name Cherokee comes from a Muskogean word that means "speakers of another language".
Cherokee Indians. A powerful detached tribe of the Iroquoian family, formerly holding the whole mountain region of the south Alleghenies, in southwest Virginia, western North Carolina and South Carolina, north Georgia, east Tennessee, and northeast Alabama, and claiming even to the Ohio River..
The Cherokee have long held that their tribal name is a corruption of Tsálăgĭ or Tsărăgĭ, the. Information about The Cherokee Tribe of Northeast Alabama and store of Native American hand made items,Tribal logo, and native inspired items. A Proud Heritage Since the earliest contact with European explorers in the 16th century, the Cherokee people have been consistantly identified as one of the most socially and culturally advanced of the Native American tribes.
A culture, a people, and a place that's actually a sovereign nation, Cherokee is located right in the heart of Western North Carolina. It's also base camp for hiking in the Great Smokies, arts and crafts shopping, native elk herd viewing, hours of fishing fun, and home to a history that spans millennia.